The Landowner Incentive Program (LIP) provides federal grant funds to the states, the District of Columbia and insular areas to protect and restore habitats on private lands, to benefit Federally listed, proposed or candidate species or other species determined to be at-risk.
Grant funds must be used to establish or supplement State landowner incentive programs to benefit species identified in the State's Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (State Wildlife Action Plan) or classified as Special Concern by the State, or Federally listed, proposed, or candidate species or other species determined to be at-risk. These grant funds may also be used to provide technical and financial assistance to private landowners for habitat protection and restoration.
Revenues collected from Outer Continental Shelf Oil & Gas royalties are deposited into the Land and Water Conservation Fund and appropriated annually by Congress for the LIP. The funds are awarded to fish and wildlife agencies based on a two-tiered award system.
The LIP Program includes two funding tiers, Tier One (non-competitive) and Tier Two (nationally competitive). Under Tier One each state may receive funding for eligible projects up to $200,000 annually and the District of Columbia and insular areas up to $75,000 annually. If there is adequate funding in the appropriation, FWS will rank Tier Two grants and award grants through a national competition.